Standard Theory and Extended Standard Theory-2

Fig. 23 Aspects Model Grammar (Encyclopedia Britannica 1994) The meaning of a sentence is determined form its deep structure by means of the rules of semantic component of a grammar. The phonetic form of a sentence is determined from its surface structure by means of the rules of phonological component. Thus, grammar may now be defined as a system of rules for relating pronunciation of…

Standard Theory and Extended Standard Theory-1

The Standard Theory differs from the early Transformational – Generative Grammar theory in that it introduces the distinction between competence and performance of an ideal speaker-hearer of a language as well as between deep and surface structure in a sentence. According to Chomsky “linguistic theory is concerned primarily with an ideal speaker-listener, in a completely homogeneous speech-community, who knows its language perfectly and is unaffected…

Phrase structure grammar

Syntactic description of a sentence may be carried out in accordance with ‘immediate constituent analysis’ (Chomsky 1957). In keeping with this type of analysis, words of a sentence are arranged into phrases, which can be divided into smaller constituent phrases and so forth, until the ultimate constituents (words or morphemes) are reached. Those phrases can afterwards be categorized as noun phrases (NP), verb phrases (VP),…

Chomsky – Definition of language and grammar

Language as conceived of by Chomsky is “a set (finite or infinite) of sentences, each finite in length and constructed out of a finite set of elements” (Chomsky 1957:13). As he further claims, this holds true for all natural languages since they have “a finite number of phonemes (or letters in its alphabet) and each sentence is representable as a finite sequence of these phonemes…

Finite state grammar

Finite state grammar is one that is “capable of generating an infinite set of sentences by means of a finite number of recursive rules operating upon a finite vocabulary” (Lyons 1970:51). By ‘recursive’ it is meant applicable more than once in the generation of the same sentence. According to finite state grammar, sentences are generated as a result of choices made from left to right.…